Monthly Update, February 2018
Wireless in Wales Museum has a single television receiver, the Bush TV12B which has a nine inch screen, 18 valves and a cathode ray tube. This is the television you usually see on television programmes depicting life in the early 1950's. It had a large number of controls to control focus, brightness, contrast etc., and these had to be adjusted as the night wore on and as the components became hotter.
This television receiver was released in September 1949, at the same time as the start of BBC Television from Sutton Coldfield in the Midlands, the first time television was extended outside London. It was designed to receive television signals from Sutton Coldfield on channel 4 VHF only, and it worked only in that region. By 1950, the BBC was beginning to establish a network of television stations across the country, and Bush produced the TV22 which was able to receive BBC TV from anywhere - on channel 5 VHF in Cardiff for example.
In 1955, independent broadcasting began on new channels, 6 to 13, which meant that the old BBC only television sets could not receive the new broadcasts. So a range of converters, set top boxes, were produced to plug into the televisions, so that they could receive ITV. Here is a picture of a 'set top box' for the Murphy television set.
A warm welcome to everyone to the next lectures in our series:
February 16th, "Broadcasting in the 1980's at Radio Havana Cuba", by Lila Haines.
March 16th, "Development of the 78RPM Gramophone Record, by David Crawford, Curator of the Museum. This will be the David Edward Hughes annual lecture.
April 20th, "The Sea Tragedies of the 'Ocean Monarch'and the 'Lelia'", by Tony Griffiths and Keith Mountain.
April 27th, a Welsh lecture on "Sir T. H. Parry-Williams and the Subconcious" by Ioan Talfryn.
May 18th, "Mining in North East Wales", by Alan Jones.
The lectures start at 7.00 p.m. and there are light refreshments to follow.
Monthly Update, January 2018
The period before Christmas was a very busy one in the Museum.
On November 17th, Cliff Kearns and Clwyd Wynne came to speak to us about Cliff's new book, 'A Town at War - Denbigh and the Western Front'. The book is based on the experiences of his father, Joe, in the First World War but it is a book which highlights the relationship which existed between Denbigh and the Western Front, even though they were a great distance from each other. Joseph Kearns was a trainee reporter with the Free Press and he joined the Welch Fusiliers when he was 16 years old. Because of his reporting skills and his ability to use short-hand and Morse code he was sent to the front lines with Senior Officers. Within the year, he had been killed. His name is recorded in a quotation from the Free Press, December 4th, 1915, along with 187 other young men from the area who were killed in the Great War.
The Campaign for S4C' was Angharad Tomos's subject when she visited the Museum on Friday evening, November 24th. She described her experience arriving at Aberystwyth University during the Welsh Language Society's campaign for a Welsh television channel for Wales. She had no interest in the broadcasting world, but since Saunders Lewis had said that "Television is the greatest killer of the Welsh language", she decided that she had to join the campaigning. Her first task, after being at University for only five days, was to climb Crystal Palace television mast in London and being sent to prison for five days. In 1977 she broke into the Winter Hill televison transmitter, near Manchester, and she was arrested by the Police. Their question was, "What is your link with the IRA?" After the 1979 referendum Gwynfor Evans decided to starve himself to death if Wales was not given a Welsh channel, and the people of Wales refused to pay their television licences. Because of this, Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher decided to allow the setting up of a fourth channel which would include Welsh programmes. S4C commenced on Friday evening, November 1st, 1982, with great celebrations. By today, however, because of the lack of growth which has followed the financial cuts, the campaigning has restarted, and some people are refusing to pay their television licences once again. They maintain that it is 'high time to devolve broadcasting to Wales'.
Thank you to everyone who supported our Coffee Morning on December 2nd. Over £600 was raised for MaryDei, Vale of Clwyd Mind and the Museum.